Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is also known as cot/crib death. As per the name, it is a sudden unexplained death of a child under 1 year of age with no explainable reasons after a thorough biopsy. SIDS is more likely to occur between 2 to 4 months of infants. SIDS is more prevalent in boys. Most SIDS deaths occur in the winter.
The following things increase risk of SIDS:
- Sleeping on the stomach.
- Being around cigarette smoke while in the womb or after being born.
- Soft bedding in the crib.
- Multiple birth babies (being a twin, triplet, etc.).
- Premature birth.
- Having a brother or sister who had SIDS.
- Mothers who smoke or use illegal drugs.
- Being born to a teen mother.
- Short time period between pregnancies.
- Late or no prenatal care.
Preventive measures you can take:
- Put your baby to sleep on his back.
- See that you don’t put extra pillows, blankets or bumper pads in the bed with the baby.
- See the baby doesn’t get too hot.
- Always use a firm sleep surface for the baby’s bed.
- Keep your baby away from smoke and smokers.
- Use of pacifiers reduces risk of SIDS, although the reason is unclear.